Three Texts (and a Baby)
In the vein of this previous post, I’d like to offer up a few more NT passages that may (or may not) be connected, and ask your thoughts on them. We’ll start with I Corinthians 6:11, which reads:
And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.
The second passage is Titus 3:5-7:
… he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
The final text is found in Romans 6:3, 6-7, which says:
Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? … We know that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. For one who has died has been justified from sin.
Now, there are obviously some similar threads that run through these three texts, particularly those of “washing” (in I Cor. and Titus), “baptism” (in Romans), and “justification” (in all three [the Greek term dedikaiotai in Rom. 6:7, usually translated “freed,” literally means “justified”]). The questions for us, then, are (1) does “wash” necessarily refer to baptism? (2) Does “baptism” in Rom. 6 mean water baptism, or Spirit baptism? (3) Should dedikaiotai in Rom. 6:7 be rendered justification? If so, (4) what is the connection between baptism and justification?
I have thoughts of my own on this (obviously), but I’ll hold onto them until the discussion gets going.